A protected area is a geographic area under national protection because of its natural, biological, cultural or historical resources so that it can be protected from various types of human pressure and degradation. There are 40 protected areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), of which 28 are in Republika Srpska, 12 are in the Federation of BiH, while Brčko District has yet to declare an area under protection. On top of those, three sites in BiH have been declared as protected under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Reporters from the Center for Investigative Reporting (CIN) in Sarajevo have collected information about these areas and put them together in a database. Along with the basic information about the area, the database features information about what makes each area special; what are allowed and prohibited activities in the area; links to decisions that proclaim the area protected as well as photos.

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The Park’s area is demarcated with the Rama river canyon and the Rama lake, the Neretva river canyon and catchments of the Diva Grabovica, the Doljanka and the Drežanka rivers.…

Large Cave with a total length of 2,800 meters is one of the longest caves. It is located between Bileća and Berkovići. In the same speleological system is “Zvonuša” cave pit.…

National park consists of the Una, the Unac and Krka rivers. What makes the Una special are primarily tufa formations which caused by tectonic movement have created waterfalls, river aits and various cascades.…

Forests cover 98% of the National Park Kozara. In the northern part dominate beech and fir, while in the southern part dominate oak, black and white pine and spruce. The park is a home to 865 plant species.…

The youngest national park in the state declared as such in 2017. The basic values of the par are habitats of endemic and rare plants, such as Serbian spruce, and the Drina river canyon and its tributaries.…

The cave is 14 km away from the Banja Luka city center. It was discovered in the southern part of a rock quarry after an explosion and the major part of the underground system has been permanently destroyed because of rock extraction.…

The main characteristics of Rastuša Cave are its wonderful cave formation and the rich archeological, paleontological and bio-speleological site.…

The cave is located ten kilometers from Pale and 15 kilometers from Sarajevo. It is one of the rare cave’s open to tourists.…

Stablo žute bukve nalazi se u zaseoku Stolići. Osnovna vrijednost ovog prirodnog dobra je to što predstavlja, prema dostupnim podacima, jedini takav varijetet bukve u Evropi.…

“Ledenjača” cave in Miljevina is primarily important because of its archeological value. Early humans lived in the cave drawings, most likely from the Bronze Age, have been found near the entrance.…

Girska Cave is located on the northeast slopes of Mt. Ozren. It is a hydrologically active cave of a source type with a wide main tunnel and three side tunnels of a combined length of 1,300 meters.…

The cave is located in Ledana valley in “Vučija Poljana'' hamlet. The pit cave is filled with massive, attractive ice layers made of ice stalagmites, stalactites, bended stalactites and flowstones.…

STRICT NATURE RESERVE

 

Protected areas that are strictly set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological/geomorphological features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure protection of the conservation values. Such protected areas can serve as indispensable reference areas for scientific research and monitoring. Primary objective is to conserve regionally, nationally or globally outstanding ecosystems, species and/or geodiversity features: these attributes will have been formed mostly or entirely by non-human forces and will be degraded or destroyed when subjected to all but very light human impact.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

NATURAL MONUMENT

 

Natural Monument is a smaller, unchanged or partially modified, natural spatial entity, object or phenomenon, which is physically outstanding, distinctive and unique, with representative geomorphological, geological, hydrological, botanical and other characteristics, as well as botanical value of the scientific, aesthetic, cultural and educational significance transformed by humans.
Natural Monument can be: geological; geomorphological; speleological; hydrological and botanical. All actions and activities that endanger its characteristics and values are prohibited on a monument of nature.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

HABITAT MANAGMENT AREA

 

Habitat management area is an area that includes one or more types of natural habitats important for the preservation of one or more populations of wild species and their communities. Actions and activities that endanger or impair one or more types of habitats are prohibited at a protected habitat. Decision, which is used to denote an area as protected shall also determine its character, purpose and protection measures in detail.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

NACIONAL PARK

 

This area encompasses a large number of diverse natural ecosystems, prominent landscape features and the cultural heritage in which man lives in harmony with nature. It is intended to preserve existing natural values and resources, overall landscape, geological and biological diversity, as well as to meet scientific, educational, spiritual, aesthetic, cultural, tourist, health and recreational needs and other activities in accordance with the principles of nature protection and sustainable development.
The general specifics and measures for the protection of the national park are defined by the entity laws on nature protection, and are defined in more detail by the acts on the proclamation of an individual area and the plans and programs adopted by those who manage the area.

 

PROTECTED LANDSCAPE

 

Areas where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant ecological, biological, cultural and scenic value and where safeguarding the integrity of this interaction is vital to protecting and sustaining the area and its associated nature conservation and other values.
Protected landscapes are: protected natural landscapes; protected cultural landscapes and nature parks.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

PROTECTED AREAS WITH SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCS

 

These areas are intended for the preservation of ecosystems and habitats, and with it the accompanying cultural values and traditional ways of managing natural resources. Protected areas with sustainable use of natural resources are: forests and parks; facilities of designed nature.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

RAMSAR SITES

 

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance came into force in March 1992. Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified the convention in 2001. It is one of the most important international treaties on the protection of wetlands.
The Convention’s signatory parties are bound to work towards the wise use of all their wetlands; designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management; and cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species. By being on the list, these sites get the status of natural heritage which represent the heritage of the whole humanity.