A protected area is a geographic area under national protection because of its natural, biological, cultural or historical resources so that it can be protected from various types of human pressure and degradation. There are 40 protected areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), of which 28 are in Republika Srpska, 12 are in the Federation of BiH, while Brčko District has yet to declare an area under protection. On top of those, three sites in BiH have been declared as protected under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance. Reporters from the Center for Investigative Reporting (CIN) in Sarajevo have collected information about these areas and put them together in a database. Along with the basic information about the area, the database features information about what makes each area special; what are allowed and prohibited activities in the area; links to decisions that proclaim the area protected as well as photos.

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The unique value of the nature park is the gorge-canyon valley of the river Prača with the caves Govještica and Banja Stijena, which abound with underground karst relief forms.…

Bardača wetland and archeological site “Donja Dolina” are located on the northeast of “Lijevče field, between the Sava river in the North and the Vrbas river in the south.…

This is a forest complex in the close vicinity of Laktaši downtown. It consists of the natural association of Sessile Oak with other deciduous trees. It can be characterized as a light deciduous forest with a noted variety of levels and numerous plant and animal species.…

Special value consists of endemic and rare forests of Bosnian pine and beech. Numerous bird species have been registered as well as native and non-native species of fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals.…

Protected area is divided into two zones. The first zone includes the source of Bosna river and its surrounding area, while the second zone is made up of the source’s catchment area at the foot of Mt. Igman.…

Two protected zones are designated within the reserve. The first encompasses nearly 82 percent and is located in the area of Zavidovići municipality, while the second zone is entirely located within the Kakanj municipality.…

Vjetrenica cave was created by water flows of various directions and all other processes which affect the development of cavities, including disintegration, erosion and collapse.…

“Under the Linden Tree” Cave is located near “Kadića HIll” village and represents an important archeological site. Etchings from paleolithic at the cave’s entrance represent the oldest such example found in Bosnia and Herzegovina.…

Livno field is the largest wetland in BiH and the largest intermittently flooded kras field in the world. This natural water reservoir as well as marsh vegetation make it a habitat to many species of fish and water birds.…

Protected natural area that features natural and human created values. The major part of the complex is composed of the natural association of beech and sessile oak, while the minor par was artificially created from planting black pine.…

“Cicelj” nature park is characterized with high plant diversity as 513 species have been identified there. Out of those, 43 are regionally or globally rare species, while six of them are endemic and one is sub endemic.…

The main feature of the reserve are: Skakavac waterfall; Sušica canyon; Perački creek; Jasikovac creek, Lješnica creek, Miljevački creek; Seinovački creek; Bukovik, “Vranjske stijene” and Stublina springs.…

STRICT NATURE RESERVE

 

Protected areas that are strictly set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological/geomorphological features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure protection of the conservation values. Such protected areas can serve as indispensable reference areas for scientific research and monitoring. Primary objective is to conserve regionally, nationally or globally outstanding ecosystems, species and/or geodiversity features: these attributes will have been formed mostly or entirely by non-human forces and will be degraded or destroyed when subjected to all but very light human impact.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

NATURAL MONUMENT

 

Natural Monument is a smaller, unchanged or partially modified, natural spatial entity, object or phenomenon, which is physically outstanding, distinctive and unique, with representative geomorphological, geological, hydrological, botanical and other characteristics, as well as botanical value of the scientific, aesthetic, cultural and educational significance transformed by humans.
Natural Monument can be: geological; geomorphological; speleological; hydrological and botanical. All actions and activities that endanger its characteristics and values are prohibited on a monument of nature.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

HABITAT MANAGMENT AREA

 

Habitat management area is an area that includes one or more types of natural habitats important for the preservation of one or more populations of wild species and their communities. Actions and activities that endanger or impair one or more types of habitats are prohibited at a protected habitat. Decision, which is used to denote an area as protected shall also determine its character, purpose and protection measures in detail.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

NACIONAL PARK

 

This area encompasses a large number of diverse natural ecosystems, prominent landscape features and the cultural heritage in which man lives in harmony with nature. It is intended to preserve existing natural values and resources, overall landscape, geological and biological diversity, as well as to meet scientific, educational, spiritual, aesthetic, cultural, tourist, health and recreational needs and other activities in accordance with the principles of nature protection and sustainable development.
The general specifics and measures for the protection of the national park are defined by the entity laws on nature protection, and are defined in more detail by the acts on the proclamation of an individual area and the plans and programs adopted by those who manage the area.

 

PROTECTED LANDSCAPE

 

Areas where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant ecological, biological, cultural and scenic value and where safeguarding the integrity of this interaction is vital to protecting and sustaining the area and its associated nature conservation and other values.
Protected landscapes are: protected natural landscapes; protected cultural landscapes and nature parks.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

PROTECTED AREAS WITH SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCS

 

These areas are intended for the preservation of ecosystems and habitats, and with it the accompanying cultural values and traditional ways of managing natural resources. Protected areas with sustainable use of natural resources are: forests and parks; facilities of designed nature.
Distinguishing features and protection measures for strict nature reserve are defined in the RS and the FBiH Laws on Nature Protection, while a more detailed approach to conservation is defined in the documents on declaration of an individual area and plans and programs that the area's managers will be adopting.

 

RAMSAR SITES

 

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance came into force in March 1992. Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified the convention in 2001. It is one of the most important international treaties on the protection of wetlands.
The Convention’s signatory parties are bound to work towards the wise use of all their wetlands; designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management; and cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species. By being on the list, these sites get the status of natural heritage which represent the heritage of the whole humanity.